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Disciples catching the mantle the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal

Title
Disciples catching the mantle [graphic] : the spirit of darkness overshadowing the priests of Baal / Js. Gillray invt. & fect.
Publication
[London] : Publish'd June 25th, 1808, by H. Humphrey, St. James's Street, [25 June 1808]
Physical Description
1 print : etching with stipple and engraving ; plate mark 39.8 x 34 cm, on sheet 46.4 x 38 cm
Medium
wove paper
Notes
Title etched below image.
Provenance
From a collection in twelve volumes probably compiled by Francis Harvey and sold at auction, Sotheby, London, June 1900. Bequest of Hugh Dudley Auchincloss to Yale University Library, 1981. Bound by Riviere & Son in three-quarters red morocco with gold tooling and gold lettering on spine.
Summary
"Pitt is borne upwards (left to right) in a chariot of swirling clouds of flame drawn by four horses abreast, and snorting fire, while his eyes are fixed on a broad beam of light inscribed 'Immortality'. He flings down his mantle, which his disciples below hold up their arms to receive. The mantle is blue faced with red (the colours of the Windsor uniform); on it a flaming sword lies across a pair of balanced scales, symbolizing Justice. Rays from the mantle strike down on the disciples; thunderbolts radiate from it, against the 'Republican-Mantle' with which the ghost of Fox tries to shelter the Opposition, and also against a tiny Napoleon. The disciples are grouped on a cliff, 'The Rock of Ages', rising from the sea. They surround a rectangular altar, of quasi-classical shape: 'The Altar of the Constitution'. Its two pilasters are 'Prudence' and 'Fortitude'. On this is a book inscribed 'Truth' on which is a royal crown. At its base lies 'Magna Charta'. The central and most prominent of the disciples, in the place of Elisha, is Canning, as the pupil of Pitt (see BMSat 10972); he stands behind the altar. Before it kneel Eldon (left) in Chancellor's wig and gown with the Purse of the Great Seal, and Perceval (right) in the gown of the Chancellor of the Exchequer. Next to Eldon (left) kneels Portland. On each side of Canning stand Hawkesbury (left) and Castlereagh (right). Behind are (?) Camden (left) and Melville (right). The four peers wear peer's robes. On the right, and in the foreground, separated from the 'Rock of Ages' by a narrow chasm, is the 'Broad-Bottom-Dunghill' [cf. BMSat 10530]. On this are the Opposition fleeing in terror from the thunderbolts from the Mande despite the gigantic figure of Fox who flies over them, protectingly spreading his cloak. Fox is naked under his cloak, except for a bonnet rouge, and a shroud which floats back from his head. He has webbed wings and a cloven hoof, and he looks up at the Mantle in angry terror. His cloak is set on fire by a thunderbolt. The most prominent of the 'Priests of Baal' is Grenville, who stoops, clutching at his rent breeches; a cardinal's hat flies from his head (cf. BMSat 10404), and over his coat he wears a short cope-like garment with a large cross on it. ..."--British Museum online catalogue.
Format
Images
Language
English
Added to Catalog
June 10, 2015
References
Catalogue of prints and drawings in the British Museum, v. 8, no. 10992
Wright, T. Works of James Gillray, the caricaturist, p. 356
Wright, T. Historical and descriptive account of the caricatures by James Gillray, no. 351
Subjects
Fox, Charles James, 1749-1806 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Pitt, William, 1759-1806 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Napoleon I, Emperor of the French, 1769-1821 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Canning, George, 1770-1827 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Castlereagh, Robert Stewart, Viscount, 1769-1822 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Perceval, Spencer, 1762-1812 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Eldon, John Scott, Earl of, 1751-1838 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Liverpool, Robert Banks Jenkinson, Earl of, 1770-1828 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Dundas, Henry, 1742-1811 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Portland, William Henry Cavendish-Bentinck, Duke of, 1738-1809 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Sidmouth, Henry Addington, Viscount, 1757-1844 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Lauderdale, James Maitland, Earl of, 1759-1839 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Erskine, Thomas Erskine, Baron, 1750-1823 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Grey, Charles Grey, Earl, 1764-1845 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Sheridan, Richard Brinsley, 1751-1816 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Grattan, Henry, 1746-1820 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Grenville, William Wyndham Grenville, Baron, 1759-1834 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Holland, Henry Richard Vassall, Baron, 1773-1840 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Buckingham, George Nugent Temple Grenville, Marquess of, 1753-1813 > Caricatures and cartoons.
St. Vincent, John Jervis, Viscount, 1735-1823 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Windham, William, 1750-1810 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Whitbread, Samuel, 1764-1815 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Hastings, Francis Rawdon-Hastings, Marquess of, 1754-1826 > Caricatures and cartoons.
Genre/Form
Satires (Visual works) - England - 1808.
Etchings - England - London - 1808.
Citation

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