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War and Enlightenment in Russia : Military Culture in the Age of Catherine II

War and Enlightenment in Russia : Military Culture in the Age of Catherine II / Eugene Miakinkov.
Toronto : University of Toronto Press, [2020]
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1 online resource (336 p.)
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In English.
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War and Enlightenment in Russia explores how members of the military during the reign of Catherine II reconciled Enlightenment ideas about the equality and moral worth of all humans with the Russian reality based on serfdom, a world governed by autocracy, absolute respect for authority, and subordination to seniority. While there is a sizable literature about the impact of the Enlightenment on government, economy, manners, and literature in Russia, no analytical framework that outlines its impact on the military exists. Eugene Miakinkov's research addresses this gap and challenges the assumption that the military was an unadaptable and vertical institution. Using archival sources, military manuals, essays, memoirs, and letters, the author demonstrates how the Russian militaires philosophes operationalized the Enlightenment by turning thought into reality.
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De Gruyter University Press eBook pilot project 2020.
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June 17, 2022
List of Figures and Tables
Note on Translation, Spelling, and Grammar
Introduction: The Enlightenment, the Army, and the State
1. Between Patronage and Education: The Enlightenment and the Military Proto-Intelligentsia in Catherine's Russia
2. Favourites and Professionals: Merit, Seniority, and Advancement in Catherine's Military
3. "We must distinguish the military establishment from other callings": Writers and Ideas of the Russian Military Enlightenment
4. "Always remember that he is not a peasant, but a soldier": The Enlightenment and the Shaping of Russian Soldiers
5. "Fantastic forms of folly": Individualism and the Performance of Military Culture
6. "The gutters of the town were dyed with blood": The Siege of Izmail, the Russian Military Culture, and the Limits of the Enlightenment at War
7. "His Majesty recommends to gentlemen-officers to dress better and not to stutter": Paul I and the Military Enlightenment
Conclusion: The Legacy of the Enlightenment in Russian Military Culture

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