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Biomass Utilization: Conversion Strategies

Biomass Utilization: Conversion Strategies [electronic resource] / edited by Nhuan Phu Nghiem, Tae Hyun Kim, Chang Geun Yoo.
1st ed. 2022.
Cham : Springer International Publishing : Imprint: Springer, 2022.
Physical Description
1 online resource (IX, 245 p.) 43 illus., 19 illus. in color.
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This book focuses on the technologies developed for the conversion of all three biomass components, i.e. cellulose, hemicellulose and lignin, and their constituents, to fuels and high-value products. Both biochemical and thermochemical approaches are reviewed. Additionally, the developed technologies are described in detail and their potential applications as well as their commercial status are discussed. The early attempts to produce fuel ethanol from lignocellulosic biomass feedstock focused solely on the biological conversion of cellulose because the only organism that had been used successfully for commercial production of ethanol, i.e. Saccharomyces cerevisiae, could only ferment glucose, which was obtained from the hydrolysis of cellulose. Hemicellulose and lignin were considered as wastes in these processes and were normally removed in pretreatment processes to enhance enzymatic hydrolysis of the remaining cellulose. However, this approach was not economically feasible and as a result, the biorefinery concept was developed. In a biorefinery, in addition to ethanol, various higher-value products are produced from hemicellulose and lignin, which were previously not considered. Consequently, technologies were developed for the fractionation of biomass and conversion of hemicellulose and lignin to fuels and high-value products to improve the economic feasibility. Written and edited by a team of investigators with many years of experience in biomass processing research and development, this book is an informative resource for postgraduate students and researchers interested in biorefinery and biofuel technologies both in academia- and commercial laboratories.
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August 24, 2022
Chapter 1. Introduction
Chapter 2. Fractionation strategies
Chapter 3. Biochemical conversion of cellulose
Chapter 4. Biochemical conversion of hemicellulose
Chapter 5. Biochemical conversion of lignin
Chapter 6. Thermochemical conversion of cellulose and hemicellulose
Chapter 7. Thermochemical conversion of lignin
Chapter 8. Material application of lignin
Chapter 9. TEA for evaluating biorefinery strategies.
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