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Scotland and America in the age of Paine : ideas of liberty and the making of four Americans

Scotland and America in the age of Paine : ideas of liberty and the making of four Americans / Ronald Lyndsay Crawford.
Aberdeen : Aberdeen University Press, [2022]
Copyright Notice Date
Physical Description
xxiv, 557 pages, 1 unnumbered page : illustrations (some color), facsimiles, portraits ; 24 cm
Added to Catalog
May 14, 2024
Includes bibliographical references (pages 486-528) and index.
Part one. Scotland and America in the age of Paine.
1. Introductory : an 'age of Paine'?
The age of Paine
The Anglo-Scottish Union of 1707 : its relevance to the American crisis
Virtual Scottish voices in Paine's Common sense (1776)
Two Scots respond to Common Sense
1. Plain truth by 'Candidus' (James Chalmers)
2. The letters of 'Cato' (William Smith)
John Witherspoon v. Tom Paine : the reaction of an orthodox Kirk minister
Scots loyalists and American patriots : the 'poisonous blasts of Scottish tyranny'
Paine's Rights of man (1791) : its American roots and Scottish consequences
2. Hume, Smith, and Ferguson : ideas of liberty, the Scottish Englightenment, and the problem of America, with a preliminary note on Hutcheson
Preamble : the cold case of Francis Hutcheson re-opened
The consuming paradox of David Hume and America
Adam Smith's Wealth of nations (1776) as a book about America
Adam Ferguson : a Scots moral philosopher rebuffed by Congress
3. Paine in Scotland - the fateful impact of 'Rights of man'
Scotland and the French Revolution
A radical Enlightenment in Scotland
1. The modern enigma of Adam Smith's politics
2. John Millar of Glasgow, republican
Rights of man and the trial of Thomas Muir
Religion in politics, and the politics of religion in Scotland in the age of Paine
Paine and Ireland : the Dublin and Belfast addresses to Scottish reformers
The still potent 'Paine factor', freemasonry, and the Society of United Scotsmen
4. The Scottish religious establishment and America in the age of Paine : a divided Kirk
Preamble : a note on Paine and religion
A divided Kirk
John Erskine's America
'O tempora, o mores!'
William Thom of Govan:
1. On emigration to the 'wide and pleasant fields of America'
2. The trilogy of American war sermons
The Moderates and the American war.
5. America learns from Scotland : seeking improvement, from Franklin to Jefferson
'Exploded systems and obsolete prejudices'
Benjamin Franklin : letting 'light into the nature of things'
An improbable friendship : Franklin and John Anderson
John Anderson : 'an enthusiastic admirer of America & her government'
6. Slavery in the age of Paine : 'forget not the hapless African'
Personal preamble
Thomas Paine and slavery
Classical and early Enlightenment voices on slavery
Slavery and the Scottish Enlightenment
Defending the indefensible : the Scottish legal establishment divided on slavery
The religious dimension of slavery in Scotland
Grasping the nettle : the politics of slavery in America in the age of Paine
Part two. Ideas of liberty and the making of four Americans in the age of Paine.
7. John Witherspoon (1723-17940 : liberty as regeneration
'They must know what it is, if they mean even to show that it is false'
'I have laid before you what scripture teaches on the sinfulness of our nature'
'Except a man be born again, he cannot see the kingdom of God'
'The wrath of man praising God'
'The war is ... at the bottom very much a religious war'
8. Robert Aitken (1735-1802) : conduit of liberty
The call of America : a sojourning visit (1769)
The call of America : the real thing (1771)
Aitken, Paine and Witherspoon : The Pennsylvania magazine (1775-76)
Robert Aitken's downward spiral
Aitken's Bible
Aitken's final years
9. James Wilson (1742-1798) : liberty as enlightened governance
Before America : the meagre facts of James Wilson's life in Scotland
Wilson's early legal career in America
The enlightened mind of James Wilson:
1. Adam Smith and Sir James Steuart
2. The Constitutional Conventions of 1787
3. His debt to the Scottish Enlightenment
James Wilson's tragic end
10. Alexander Wilson (1766-1813) : liberty, imagined and real
Alexander Wilson : unravelling his Scottish career
The idea of the verse-libel
The two Paisley Declarations of Rights
Wilson's most dangerous poem : An address to the Synod of Glasgow and Ayr
Wilson answers the call of America
'This western, woody world'
Appendix A : John Millar's slavery sources
Appendix B : before Paine : new light on Robert Aitken in Scotland

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